Heavy Equipment – The Workhorse of Construction and Land Clearing

Many workers regularly interact with heavy equipment. If the necessary precautions and safety procedures aren’t followed, these machines can become potentially deadly hazards.

Each piece of equipment serves a specific purpose, and one must not operate it beyond those boundaries. Workers should also be cognizant of any hazards related to climbing aboard or off of equipment.


Cranes are large machines designed to lift and lower heavy materials upwards while shifting them horizontally. To do this, they employ heavy-duty wire ropes twisted in the form of a helix to support loads and distribute their force across wider areas.

A crane’s primary support structure is its mast, made up of truss-shaped sections connected by bolts during installation. On top of the mast sits a slewing unit for rotation while perpendicularly attached jibs house the hook that lifts loads.


Trenchers are used when digging is required for installing pipes, cables for electricity and telecom, or other work that necessitates excavation. Trenchers are especially effective in rough conditions where conventional line digging machinery might prove ineffective or impossible.

Mini excavators reduce the number of people needed to dig by hand and are used in various earthmoving projects such as digging pavement, creating drainage systems, shoveling debris or cutting roots. Always contact local utility providers prior to digging so they can mark off an area as safe for excavation.


Bulldozers are indispensable pieces of construction equipment that play a pivotal role on most work sites, offering versatile heavy equipment capable of land clearing, scraping, backfilling and grading services as well as demolition as well as road and pavement construction.

They often feature rippers – toothed blades attached to the rear of the machine that help break up hard ground – with hydraulic cylinders providing flexibility in tilting or angling blades for different uses.

Caterpillar, Komatsu and Case are well-renowned manufacturers of bulldozers that can be fitted with either tracks or tires depending on the terrain they encounter.

Motor Graders

Motor graders, commonly referred to as road graders, are multipurpose construction machines featuring an arm with blades between its front and rear axles that grade roads to produce flat surfaces in unpaved roads. Motor graders play an indispensable part of many construction projects as they help produce level surfaces on unpaved surfaces.

Road rollers are also useful in maintaining paved roads and can be equipped with a ripper attachment to break up hard surfaces like asphalt or rocks. Newer models boast improved performance specs, advanced grade control technologies and enhanced operator comfort/convenience features that help boost overall productivity.


Telehandlers, also referred to as boom lifts or reach forklifts, allow crews to transport loads that standard forklifts cannot. Commonly equipped with pallet fork tines for transporting materials around sites efficiently, these tools also come equipped with various attachments for moving raw materials or pipes around.

These vehicles can traverse rough terrain while also serving as cranes on the jobsite, featuring sensors to notify operators if their load approaches its maximum capacity.

IronPlanet offers an extensive selection of used and unused telehandlers from top manufacturers like Cat, JCB, BobCat and JLG.

Rotary Blasthole Drills

Blast hole rotary drills are common tools in large quarries, open pit mines, petroleum extraction facilities and construction work sites. Rotary drills consist of two groups: high point loading from three cones for crushing operations and shear force from drag bits for cutting operations.

Epiroc’s DM30 II SP blasthole drill is designed to be both durable and cost-effective for mining contractors, making it the ideal choice. With its small footprint and simple transport mechanism, this blasthole drill easily maneuvers over tight benches.

Drum Rollers

Rollers are large moving compactors equipped with drum-shaped circular wheels to flatten surfaces and crush heavy objects, often used in construction projects such as road work, paving and building foundations.

Roller equipment comes in various sizes and forms to suit different projects. Single-drum rollers feature one front drum with two back wheels for maneuverability; their drivers sit centrally.

Grid rollers feature steel bars in a grid pattern on their cylindrical drum, which creates high-contact pressure to compact soil and compact it more effectively. They’re typically towed behind other machines for transportation.

Track Loaers

Track loaders excel at traversing terrain where tires cannot, such as soft mud or snow. Their tracks allow weight distribution over more area to minimize ground disturbance – making these loaders gentler on surfaces than tires alone.

These trucks can move more quickly, making them an excellent option for loading and unloading trucks at a faster rate. Furthermore, many models feature comfort features like enclosed cabs, climate control systems and suspension seats to allow drivers to focus more on tasks at hand and remain productive.